Historical BackgroundLocated on the high white bluffs of the Tombigbee River in Sumter County, Alabama, Fort Tombecbe was an eighteenth century outpost for three major European powers. The French established the fort in 1736 to strengthen their presence in this remote part of the Louisiana colony and to strengthen their alliance with the native Choctaw Indians. The governor of La Louisiane, Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne Sieur de Bienville, also planned for Tombecbe to serve as a depot from which to launch an attack on the Chickasaw, whose stronghold was centered in several large villages near present-day Tupelo, Mississippi. The Chickasaw harbored the remnant Natchez Indians, who in 1729 revolted against the French, and they were also allied with the English, whose growing Atlantic colonies and trade enterprises were a contant threat to French dominance on the continent.
|Fort Tombecbe in May 1737, drawn by Ignace Broutin.|
|Fort Confederation in 1794, drawn by Lt. Antoine Palao.|
|1980 excavations revealed the Spanish oven.|